Plastic surgery (from the Greek word ‘plastein’ meaning to form or shape something) is an area of surgery that deals with changes made to organs or the body in general for reasons of functionality and/or aesthetics.
There are two fields to distinguish:
- Aesthetic surgery: This describes operative procedures that are not necessary from a medical standpoint. Instead, patients request this type of treatment, usually with the goal to improve their appearance.
- Reconstructive surgery: This sums up surgical treatments to reconstitute bodily functions that have been lost due to injuries, cancer removal or deformity. Typical examples include the movement or transplantation of tissue to cover up existing defects or transplantation of nerves or sinews.